How important were all these fronts to the final outcome of the war
All of the fronts were important to the final outcome of the war, however some were more important than others were. Total war was a brand new type of warfare effecting every body. This war was the war that every one was involved in, whether fighting in the trenches or at home. The key factor, which probably enabled Britain to win the war, was probably high morale and a stable home front, which was able to supply its army well with supplies. Due to food shortages rationing was introduced. Rationing of food played a great role in the success of the allies as it meant that the people at home were well fed and happy.
As were the soldiers so they were capable of fighting well after a hearty meal! When the war began thousands of jobs became vacant due to the rush to sign up to the army women, eventually, were employed to fill these vacancies. Women often made munitions and worked on agricultural land. This boosted the war effort tremendously as it raised morale and Britain were producing well for the war of attrition. The home front also had the job of gathering soldiers to send to the western front. Less and less men were volunteering so in an attempt to lift the figures recruitment posters were put up though this had little effect.
So in 1916 conscription was introduced – this meant that the allies would never be short of men. The home front also helped both air and sea by developing new technology. Propaganda was introduced to keep up hope and it certainly did that, tales of distant spectacular dogfights made people forget about trench warfare. The British home front was efficient and organised, probably the total opposite of the German home front; this enabled it to do everything in its power to help lead the allies to victory. As an Island Britain had become well known for its superb navy, which with out a doubt had become a legend.
The years of experience had paid off and soon Britain had become known as the ruler of the seas. This meant that we probably were never under threat but things were about to change. The sea allowed us to bring in supplies to the home and western front. To keep people and soldiers well equipped and fed helping us to put a greater effort to the war. It also allowed us to transport soldiers to the western front. This includes the American troops that helped the allies win the war. As a war of attrition the sea enabled Britain to import and export produce and munitions.
One of the most important events during the war was the blockade of the German ports. This not only lowered morale but also starved the German economy some reports said that towards the end of the war the Germans resulted to eating rats! This effected the German troops also as they were becoming ill tired and hungry and they were losing their will to fight. The people at home were feeling the strain and wanted the war to end they even rebelled against their Kaiser so both the war effort and morale were low. The war in the air didn’t really play such a great role in the war, although with out a doubt it helped.
Aeroplanes often escorted merchant ships to warn them of any trouble that may occur whilst travelling. This gave them a head start and they were able to steer clear of any danger. The aeroplanes were probably the only slightly glamorous part of the war; they boosted morale at home with heroic stories of spectacular dogfights. Though at the same time the war in the air lowered morale and really proved the term total war as in 1915 zeppelins attacked the home front. “Civilians in Britain no longer seemed safe. ”
They were unable to carry bombs that would do any real physical damage but the physiological damage was horrendous. They also contributed greatly to recognisance; they would observe enemy trenches and radio down any advances. Aircraft didn’t really aid the allies’ final attack but gave them confidence knowing that they had the cutting edge of technology on their side. I believe that the home front was the key to victory for the allies, though the sea comes a very close second and the air having no major effect. The British home front was well organised and the people contributed to the war effort greatly.
Schemes such as DORA played a huge role in the defeat of Germany as it enabled the British government to do almost anything in its power to help their soldiers. Maybe if Germanys home front had been more efficient then it could have led them to victory. Without the help of the home front then it is almost certain that the British fronts would have collapsed and subsequently Britain would have lost the war. The support from the home front meant that Britain could support the western front so we could keep on fighting until victory. The same thing would have eventually happened if Britain had lost control of the sea.
As an Island Britain relies upon its navy for importing and exporting food, munitions and soldiers. So if it were no longer able to do these things it would surely starve and collapse just like Germany. One of the most important events during the war was probably the blockade of German ports, which starved them and their economy. So once again maybe if Germanys sea front had been more efficient then it could have led them to victory. The war in the air didn’t really play a big role in the war, although with out a doubt it helped in terms of recognisance and morale boosting.