For this next part in comparing two contrasting business I have chosen to write about Oxfam which is a world known registered charity. I will be finding looking at all the aspects that influences Oxfam.
According to Oxfam’s website throughout the Second World War, Greece was occupied by the Nazis. In 1941, the Allies imposed a naval blockade, and barely any food or medical supplies could get through, even to civilians. Famine rapidly took grip the Greek nation. Due to this in May 1942 a nations Famine Relief Committee was set up, as well as support groups were formed throughout the UK. Their core purpose was to persuade the British government to allow essential supplies through the blockade. In the series of the national relief effort, a number of people came together to form the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief.
In the midst of its founding members were Regius Professor of Greek at Oxford, Canon T R Milford of the University Church and Professor Gilbert Murray, a member of the national Committee and former. Also with theirs members was the commitment of a London business man named Cecil Jackson-Cole who was appointed Honorary Secretary in December 1942. As time progressed committee saw a continuing need and enlarged its objectives to include ‘the relief of suffering in consequence of the war’. With the committee’s enlargement of their objectives enabled them to centre their activities on the prevention on food parcels and clothing to Europe as they were granted funds in 1948 for projects in Europe and elsewhere. The Committee progressively became known by its abbreviated telegraph address, as Oxfam. This name was formally adopted in 1965.
In 1951 Leslie Kirkley was selected as Oxfam’s General Secretary. The years he spent with Oxfam in disaster situations and the swift response of his organisation and his work as Chairman of the UK Publicity Committee for the UN World Refugee Year in 1959-60 brought Oxfam to the attention of a wide audience.
There are three main types of businesses (organisations), these are: Public Sector Organisations, Private Sector Organisations, Voluntary Sector Organisations. With my chosen charity Oxfam they belong to the Voluntary Sector. Voluntary groups are not owned by any individual people. However, someone will be responsible for ensuring that it sets targets and budgets and does what it is set up to do. In most instances they try to help particular types of people, e.g. guide dogs for the blind. Voluntary groups are not owned by any individual people. However, someone will be responsible for ensuring that it sets targets and budgets and does what it is set up to do. In their survive charities normally must at least break-even (i.e. spend no more than they take in through fundraising, grants and donations etc) Oxfam operate as a global charitable organisation seeing that they operate in over 100 countries worldwide working with local partners to alleviate poverty and injustice. Oxfam GB is a member of Oxfam International, a confederation of 12 independent organizations working together in countries to find lasting solutions to poverty, suffering and injustice.
Oxfam’s core business activities are workings with poor people, influence powerful people, stick together hands with all people. Firstly on working with a poor people, Oxfam seeks out to assist people in order to gain better admission to chances they need to improve their livelihoods as well as govern their own lives. They also work with people in danger by humanitarian disasters, to help put in place preventive measures, better attentiveness, as well as working to provide emergency relief and reconstruction in the aftermath of disaster.
Secondly in influence powerful people, due to Oxfam’s experience of the real issue confronting with poor people, combined with high-level research enables us to lobby for change in international policies and practices that should ensure that poor people have the rights, opportunities and resources they need to improve and control their lives. And lastly joining hands with all people, Oxfam uses campaign media work and building up of groups allows them to raise awareness among the public of the real solutions to global poverty, this enables and motivate people to play an active role in the progress for change, and to foster a sense of global citizenship, as well as to advance senses of global citizenship.
Different businesses attempt to do different things, different types of people are responsible for starting them in the first place. In all there are three main types of businesses (organisations). These are Public Sector Organisations, Private Sector Organisations, and Voluntary Sector Organisations. As Oxfam belongs to the Voluntary Sector for the next part of this booklet I will be looking all the aspects that are contained in this sector as well as the advantages and disadvantages.
What is a Voluntary Sector?
The voluntary sector of a nation’s economy consists of those entities which are not for profit and yet, at the same time, are not agencies of the state – i.e.: charities, volunteer community centers and religious organizations. Voluntary groups are not owned by any individual people. However, someone will be responsible for ensuring that it sets targets and budgets and does what it is set up to do. In order to become a registered charity, a volunteer group must be given a registration number by the Charity Commissioners.
The Charity Commission is established by law as the regulator and registrar for charities in England and Wales. Their aim is to provide the best possible regulation of charities in England and Wales in order to increase charities’ effectiveness and public confidence and trust. Their role as regulators are to ensure that charities meet the legal requirements for being a charity, and are equipped to operate properly and within the law, to check that charities are run for public benefit, and not for private advantage, to ensure that charities are independent and that their trustees take their decisions free of control or undue influence from outside and to detect and remedy serious mismanagement or deliberate abuse by or within charities. Organisations are granted the regeistration status if the met all theirs requirements and are also moniter on a reguler basis to examing that their aims are being are being met.
Advantages of being a registered charity.
Firstly; being a registered charity the organisation don’t normally have to pay income/ corporation tax, as well as the charity capital gained tax, stamp duty, and gifts to the charity are free of inheritance tax. This help enable the charity to use the full amount of resources they have raised carry out their aims and objectives.
Secondly; charities pay no more than 20% of business rate on buildings which they use or occupy to future their charitable purposes. This also allows the charity to minimize their running cost and raise more money for their work.
Thirdly; charities get an individual VAT treatment in cretin circumstances which minimize how much they pay to the government.
Fourthly: charities can raise funds from the public, grants-making trust and local government as there special resources to cater for those type of organizations.
And lsatly charities are allowed to sell goods untaxed which enabeds them to raise more money to contrebute to their ains and objectives.
Disadvantages of being a registered charity.
Firstly; charities that applied and have gained a registration numbers must make sure that their work is exclusively charitable. This is because if an organisation is registered as and are found to be doing non charitable activity could find their charitable status restricted.
Secondly; charities have a limited trading rule. These are regulations limiting fundraising and the extent of trading being carried out by a charity. In this case charities are therefore required a separate charitable company to undertake their trading services.
Thirdly: limits on trustees, Trustees are not in general authorized to profit financially from the charity, unless, in limited circumstances specified by the charity’s governing document or the Charity Commission. This is as trustees can only recover their accountability expenses and also trustees must also avoid own interest, which would conflict with acting in the best interests of the charity, as a result of this the charities legal status could be taken away.
Lastly: charities administration system. This is a disadvantage as they are required to produce an annual return and a financial report at the end of the year. And also another disadvantage of being a charity is the compulsory registration of charities. Under the Charities Act 1993, this states that organisations with entirely charitable purposes and an income of over ï¿½1,000 must register as a charity with the charity commission.
Oxfam’s Suitability to being a registered charity
Oxfam are suited to being a registered charity as they are able to raise funds through donations from the public in an emergency to help the people cut up in that particular devastation. E.g. with the Pakistan earthquake Oxfam were able to appeal to people help by donating money to help with the relief effort. Secondly: all amount they receive from donors are untaxed which enables them to use the whole sum to help their cause. Thirdly Oxfam bringing a charity means they pay no more than 20% of business rate which also allow them to worry less about their over heads and focus their attention on their aims and objectives. And lastly in being a registered charity, this means that Oxfam get free promotion of the organization through the media.
Workers employed to work in an organization are interested in the company to provide them with employment and some time job satisfaction. With Oxfam as they are a charity their employees are interested in the organization for job satisfaction as they want to see changes being made to make peoples livelihood. Oxfam’s aims and objectives are in line with the employees interest as their staff work together to accomplish the aims and objectives. For example David Jones: Area Manager for; Wirral, Merseyside, Cheshire, and Isle of Man.
He has been with Oxfam for almost 22 years and his aim is to share his retail skills with staff and volunteers the area he operates in, buy doing this it enables eth to help the trading team nationally to raise as much income as possible to support Oxfam’s emergency and development work. In 2001-02, Oxfam shops contributed ï¿½15.7 million. In the concept of employee’s interest in Oxfam: firstly if Oxfam are successful it will mean the employees accomplished their duty which is to help the needy as well as they will be congratulated for their hard work, whereas could frailer of Oxfam could result in death of people in the poorer countries and well as people cut up in disasters.